One way in which the global free trade market has done this is through the introduction of reduced protective tariffs and increased exclusionary trading blocs. The need for private assisted conception due to lack of public funding may eventually lead to only the rich benefiting from fertility treatment.
However the fertility rates of immigrants to the US have been found to decrease sharply in the second generation as a result of improving education and income. Perhaps more relevant to the current debate is the replacement fertility rate which is the total fertility rate in which women would have only enough children to replace themselves and their partners.
Since healthcare has several priorities such as cancer, care of elderly and acute medicine, fertility care is not high on the agenda. The very high rate and level of development experienced by most rich countries of the world is another factor which perpetuates many challenges faced by people in developing countries.
It has its own political implications also. In many developing countries with unstable political histories, however, government corruption and greed have caused problems which have hindered such progress.
The social structure, religious beliefs, economic prosperity and urbanisation within each country are likely to affect birth rates as well as abortion rates, Developed countries tend to have a lower fertility rate due to lifestyle choices associated with economic affluence where mortality rates are low, birth control is easily accessible and children often can become an economic drain caused by housing, education cost and other cost involved in bringing up children.
The debt these countries are facing today is a result of large loans that were issued to them during the s and s. At the same time colonisation was occurring in the Americas, the same process was unfolding throughout large sections of Asia and Africa.
Wars also often cause disunity amongst the population, which can lead to a breakdown in social cohesion. Countries like Japan have a similar concern.
In developing countries of the world today, one of the most significant historical factors that has hindered development is colonisation. Developing countries that lack a stable system of government or those that have experienced or are experiencing war, often become burdened with political crises which impede their development.
This can result in a demographic economic paradox. Natural resources, agricultural commodities, minerals, plants and spices are some common examples of products that colonising powers throughout history have taken from their colonies.
In developing countries children are needed as a labour force and to provide care for their parents in old age. This will lead to long term social inequality. Economic factors that hinder development The debt cycle Many developing countries of the world are heavily indebted owing money to international financial institutions and foreign banks based in developed countries.
The Total Fertility Rate TFR of a population is the average number of children that would be born to a woman over her lifetime if she were to experience the exact current age specific fertility rates through her life time and she were to survive from birth through the end of her reproductive life.
Countries with well-developed industries are able to provide jobs, infrastructure and services for their populations, which increase the overall quality of life of their citizens.
The death rate has fallen and hence the number of the old is increasing. In certain ways they help to determine the form and structure of these societies.
The first is to find ways of increasing the birth rate; this is essentially a long term solution but one which should provide more steady and predictable results.Birth Rates, National Income And Infant Mortality Rates. Print Reference this. Published: 23rd At the macroeconomic level income is inversely proportional to birth rates i.e.
the poor countries with low per-capita income tend to have high birth rates and vice-versa. Health seems to influence birth rate more than wealth; hitherto for a.
One is that birth control and sex education are simply more widely available in wealthy countries. In poor countries, many have no form of birth control other than abstinence, which is not a popular option.
Why is birth-rate higher in developing countries as compared to developed countries? Update Cancel. higher birth rates lead to. Factors contributing to a country's level of development, A developing country, Issues in the developing world, SOSE: Geography, Year 9, WA Introduction A country's level of development is influenced by a number of interrelated factors.
High birth rates in developing countries exacerbate problems related to poverty, as often these countries. There are several factors such as lifestyle factors, an increase in sexually transmitted diseases, rise in obesity and environmental factors involved in urbanisation and urban lifestyle that are affecting fertility and have led to rise in male and female subfertility.
Proposed policies to address declining birth rates in developed countries. Economics influence fertility rates more than other factors Date: April 30, Source: University of Missouri-Columbia Summary: Based on a recent study by an anthropologist, economic changes.
There are several factors which influence birth rates in poor countries. Plus, there are marked differences between the birth rates in wealthy nations, like United States, and poor nations, like Sudan and Uganda.Download